2011-12 General Bulletin

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238 Mather Memorial Building
www.case.edu/artsci/anth
Phone: 216-368-2264; Fax: 216-368-5334
Lawrence Greksa, Department Chair

This is an archived copy of the 2011-12 Bulletin. To access the most recent version of the bulletin, please visit http://bulletin.case.edu.

Anthropology, with its broad comparative approach, is in a strategic position to contribute to the identification and resolution of many of the problems, both local and global, that challenge society today. The Department of Anthropology offers programs leading to both undergraduate (Bachelor of Arts) and graduate (Master of Arts, Doctor of Philosophy) degrees. In addition, the department offers joint graduate degree programs with Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine (MA or PhD/MPH and MD/MA or PhD) and with the Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing (MSN/MA). Students graduating with a BA in anthropology normally must continue for the MA or PhD degree if they are interested in working as anthropologists.

Department Faculty

Lawrence P. Greksa, PhD
(Pennsylvania State University)
Professor and Chair
Physical anthropology; human biology; growth and development; nutrition; modernization; Polynesia; Andes; Old Order Amish

Eileen Anderson-Fye, EdD
(Harvard University)
Assistant Professor
Psychological and medical anthropology; culture, gender, and human development; anthropology of adolescence; globalization; immigration; mental health; eating and body image disorders; child abuse and trauma; adolescent psychiatric medication usage; person-centered ethnography; mixed methods; Belize; Belizean immigrants in the United States

Cynthia Beall, PhD
(Pennsylvania State University)
Distinguished University Professor and Sarah Idell Pyle Professor; Co-Director, Center for Research on Tibet
Physical anthropology; adaptation to high-altitude hypoxia on the Andean, Tibetan, and East African plateaus

Atwood D. Gaines, PhD, MPH
(University of California, Berkeley; University of California, Berkeley, School of Public Health)
Professor; Professor of Psychiatry and Professor of Bioethics, Case School of Medicine; Professor of Nursing, Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing
Medical and psychiatric anthropology; bioethics; religion; aging; cultural studies of science; social identity; United States; the Mediterranean

Melvyn C. Goldstein, PhD
(University of Washington)
John Reynolds Harkness Professor; Co-Director, Center for Research on Tibet; Professor of International Health, School of Medicine
Social and cultural anthropology; development/population anthropology; cross-cultural aging; cultural ecology, ethnicity, and nationalism; anthropology and history; Tibet, China, Mongolia, Himalayas

Vanessa M. Hildebrand, PhD
(Washington University)
Assistant Professor
Sociocultural anthropology; maternal and reproductive health; knowledge and technology; global health and global health policy; Southeast Asia, Indonesia, United States

Lee D. Hoffer, PhD, MPE
(University of Colorado, Denver; Washington University School of Medicine)
Assistant Professor
Cultural and medical anthropology; drug addiction; psychiatric epidemiology; ethnographic research methods; complex systems; computational modeling; economic anthropology; United States

Jill E. Korbin, PhD
(University of California, Los Angeles)
Professor; Associate Dean, College of Arts and Sciences; Director, Schubert Center for Child Studies; Co-Director, Childhood Studies Program
Cultural, medical and psychological anthropology; culture and human development; child maltreatment; neighborhood; United States; Old Order Amish

Janet McGrath, PhD
(Northwestern University)
Associate Professor; Director of Graduate Programs; Associate Professor of International Health, School of Medicine
Biomedical anthropology; anthropology of infectious disease; international and global health; AIDS; urban health; United States, Africa

Jim Shaffer, PhD
(University of Wisconsin, Madison)
Associate Professor
Archaeology; Middle East, Central Asia, Indus Valley, India


Adjunct Faculty

Katia Almeida, PhD
(Federal University of Rio Janeiro)
Adjunct Assistant Professor
Cultural and social anthropology; art and aesthetics in cross-cultural perspective; Amazonian ethnology; Latin American studies

Jennifer Furin, MD, PhD
((Harvard University, University of California, Los Angeles)
Adjunct Assistant Professor; Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, TB Research Unit
Medical anthropology; infectious diseases; HIV; TB; community health; health policy anhd programming; Haiti, Peru, Former Soviet Untion, Resotho, Rwanda

N’omi Greber, PhD
(Case Western Reserve University)
Adjunct Associate Professor; Curator of Archaeology, Cleveland Museum of Natural History
Archaeology; Early/Middle Woodland of Eastern North America; Adena/Hopewell; geophysical remote sensing; archaeoastronomy.

Yohannes Haile-Selassie, PhD
(University of California, Berkeley)
Adjunct Professor; Curator and Head of Physical Anthropology, Cleveland Museum of Natural History
Human evolution

Joseph Hannibal, PhD
(Kent State University)
Adjunct Assistant Professor; Curator of Invertebrate Paleontology, Cleveland Museum of Natural History

Bruce Latimer, PhD
(Kent State University)
Visiting Professor; Associate Professor of Anatomy; Acting Director, Center for Human Origins
Biological anthropology; Plio-Pleistocene hominid evolution; comparative primate anatomy; biomechanics of locomotor system

Ellen S. Lazarus, PhD
(Case Western Reserve University)
Adjunct Assistant Professor
Social, cultural and medical anthropology; reproductive and perinatal health care; gender, ethnicity, and social class; medical ethics; medical training; social organization; clinician-patient relationships.

Brian Redmond, PhD
(Indiana University)
Adjunct Associate Professor; John Otis Hower Chair of Archaeology, Cleveland Museum of Natural History
North American prehistory; Eastern Woodland settlement patterns; origins of maize agriculture and sedentism; museum archaeology.

Scott Simpson, PhD
(Kent State University)
Adjunct Associate Professor; Associate Professor of Anatomy, School of Medicine
Biological anthropology; Plio-Pleistocene hominid evolution

Linda Spurlock, PhD
(Kent State University)
Adjunct Assistant Professor; Director of Human Health, Cleveland Museum of Natural History
Human evolution, fossil hominid reconstruction; forensic facial reconstruction; primate behavior; human anatomy.


Secondary Faculty

Patricia A. Marshall, PhD
(University of Kentucky)
Adjunct Professor; Professor of Bioethics, School of Medicine
HIV and AIDS; bioethics and research; cross-cultural issues

Isabel Parraga, PhD
(Case Western Reserve University)
Adjunct Associate Professor; Associate Professor of Nutrition, School of Medicine
Nutritional anthropology; international nutrition; nutrition and growth; maternal and child nutrition; schistosomiasis and growth and nutrition; public health nutrition

General Anthropology  |  Medical Anthropology  |  Physical Anthropology  |  Archaeology  |  Minors

Undergraduate Programs

Majors

The undergraduate major requires a minimum of 30 semester hours in anthropology. The undergraduate program provides a cross-cultural perspective on human behavior, culture, and biology. Students may choose from four major concentrations.

  1. The General Anthropology Concentration provides training in three subdisciplines of anthropology. The first, sociocultural anthropology, emphasizes relationships among socioeconomic institutions, cultural ecology, health and medicine, religion and symbolism, individual psychological variables, and language. The second, physical anthropology, emphasizes human ecology and adaptability, human growth and development, nutritional adaptation, epidemiology, and human and nonhuman primate evolution. The third, archaeology, deals with the long sequences of independent sociocultural, technological, and ecological evolution that have taken place under diverse conditions.
  2. The Medical Anthropology Concentration provides training in the three subdisciplines discussed above, but with a focus on their relationship to physical and mental health, illness, disease, and medicine.
  3. The Physical Anthropology Concentration deals with the biological nature of humans past and present. Physical anthropologists look beyond purely biological phenomena to understand how biology, behavior, and environment interact. Most course work is in the subdiscipline of human biology, which seeks to understand those interactions by studying physiology, genetics, nutrition, and epidemiology in modern human populations throughout the world. But the concentration also provides training in paleoanthropology, which documents the biological history of humans and, in conjunction with archaeology, analyzes those interactions for past humans.
  4. The Archaeology Concentration focuses on the customs and daily life of people who lived in the past. Anthropologists excavate and analyze the material remains of the sites of human occupation. At the same time, archaeological research seeks to understand the evolution of culture and society by determining how and why changes in human society have occurred.

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General Anthropology Concentration

ANTH 102Being Human: An Introduction to Social and Cultural Anthropology3
ANTH 103Introduction to Human Evolution3
ANTH 319Introduction to Statistical Analysis in the Social Sciences3
Geographic area course, such as:3
The Most Ancient Near East
Roots of Ancient India: Archaeology of South Asia
Cultural Area Studies in Anthropology
Cultures of Latin America
Japanese Culture and Society
Chinese Culture and Society
Approved Anthropology electives:18
Total Units30

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Medical Anthropology Concentration

ANTH 102Being Human: An Introduction to Social and Cultural Anthropology3
ANTH 103Introduction to Human Evolution3
ANTH 215Health, Culture, and Disease: An Introduction to Medical Anthropology3
ANTH 319Introduction to Statistical Analysis in the Social Sciences3
Geographic area course such as:3
The Most Ancient Near East
Roots of Ancient India: Archaeology of South Asia
Cultural Area Studies in Anthropology
Cultures of Latin America
Japanese Culture and Society
Chinese Culture and Society
Three health/illness-related topics courses such as:9
Biological Aging in Humans
Darwinian Medicine
Introduction to the Anthropology of Aging
The Anthropology of Childhood and the Family
The Anthropology of Adolescence
Asian Medical Systems
Death and Dying
AIDS: Epidemiology, Biology, and Culture
Power, Illness, and Inequality: The Political Economy of Health
Illegal Drugs and Society
Comparative Medical Systems
Maternal Health: Anthropological Perspectives on Reproductive Practices and Health Policy
Psychoanalytic Anthropology
Ethnicity, Gender, and Mental Health
Topics in International Health
Introduction to International Health
Urban Health
Gender and Sex Differences: Cross-cultural Perspective
The Anthropology of Nutrition
Culture, Behavior, and Person: Psychological Anthropology
Topics in the Anthropology of Health and Medicine
Human Ecology: The Biology of Human Adaptability
Epidemiology and the Evolution of Human Diseases
Approved Anthropology electives6
Total Units30


 

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Physical Anthropology Concentration

ANTH 102Being Human: An Introduction to Social and Cultural Anthropology3
ANTH 103Introduction to Human Evolution3
ANTH 319Introduction to Statistical Analysis in the Social Sciences3
Geographic area course such as:3
The Most Ancient Near East
Cultural Area Studies in Anthropology
Japanese Culture and Society
Chinese Culture and Society
Three Physical Anthropology courses such as:9
Comparative Primate Behavior
Biological Aging in Humans
Darwinian Medicine
The Anthropology of Nutrition
Human Evolution: The Fossil Evidence
Human Osteology
Reproductive Health: An Evolutionary Perspective
Human Ecology: The Biology of Human Adaptability
Seminar in Evolutionary Biology
Undergraduate Research in Evolutionary Biology
Epidemiology and the Evolution of Human Diseases
Approved Anthropology electives9
Total Units30

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Archaeology Concentration

ANTH 102Being Human: An Introduction to Social and Cultural Anthropology3
ANTH 103Introduction to Human Evolution3
ANTH 107Archaeology: An Introduction3
ANTH 319Introduction to Statistical Analysis in the Social Sciences3
Geographical Location course such as:3
The Most Ancient Near East
Roots of Ancient India: Archaeology of South Asia
Cultural Area Studies in Anthropology
Cultures of Latin America
Japanese Culture and Society
Chinese Culture and Society
Three approved Archaeology courses such as:9
Archaeology of Eastern North America
Methods in Archaeology
Field Methods in Archaeology
Special Topics in Prehistory
The Most Ancient Near East
Roots of Ancient India: Archaeology of South Asia
Independent Study
Summer fieldwork
Approved Anthropology electives6
Total Units30

 

Departmental Honors

This program is open to qualified majors in anthropology who have completed 15 hours of anthropology with a 3.25 GPA and who have an overall 3.0 GPA. Students should apply for the program in the fall semester of their junior year and, if approved, register for and in the spring of their junior year and the fall of their senior year.

Honors students are required to undertake a research project under the supervision of one or more faculty members and to present an acceptable research paper in the fall semester of their senior year. Students interested in the program should contact one of the department’s undergraduate advisors.

Integrated Graduate Studies

The Department of Anthropology participates in the Integrated Graduate Studies Program. Interested students can find the general requirements and the admission procedures for the program in the Undergraduate Studies section of this bulletin and may consult the department for further information.


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Minors

The department offers four minor emphases in anthropology: general anthropology, medical anthropology, archaeology, and physical anthropology. All require a minimum of 15 semester hours in anthropology.

General Anthropology Minor

ANTH 102Being Human: An Introduction to Social and Cultural Anthropology3
ANTH 103Introduction to Human Evolution3
One geographic area course:3
The Most Ancient Near East
Roots of Ancient India: Archaeology of South Asia
Cultural Area Studies in Anthropology
Cultures of Latin America
Japanese Culture and Society
Chinese Culture and Society
Approved electives6
Total Units15

 

Medical Anthropology Minor

ANTH 102Being Human: An Introduction to Social and Cultural Anthropology3
ANTH 103Introduction to Human Evolution3
ANTH 215Health, Culture, and Disease: An Introduction to Medical Anthropology3
One geographic area course:3
Special Topics in Prehistory
The Most Ancient Near East
Cultural Area Studies in Anthropology
Japanese Culture and Society
Chinese Culture and Society
One health-related topics course:3
Biological Aging in Humans
Introduction to the Anthropology of Aging
The Anthropology of Childhood and the Family
Asian Medical Systems
Death and Dying
AIDS: Epidemiology, Biology, and Culture
Psychoanalytic Anthropology
Topics in International Health
Urban Health
Anthropology and Bioethics
Introduction to International Health
Gender and Sex Differences: Cross-cultural Perspective
The Anthropology of Nutrition
Culture, Behavior, and Person: Psychological Anthropology
Topics in the Anthropology of Health and Medicine
Human Ecology: The Biology of Human Adaptability
Epidemiology and the Evolution of Human Diseases
Total Units15

 

Physical Anthropology Minor

ANTH 102Being Human: An Introduction to Social and Cultural Anthropology3
ANTH 103Introduction to Human Evolution3
One geographical area course:3
The Most Ancient Near East
Roots of Ancient India: Archaeology of South Asia
Cultural Area Studies in Anthropology
Japanese Culture and Society
Native American Cultures
Chinese Culture and Society
Two approved physical anthropology electives:6
Comparative Primate Behavior
Biological Aging in Humans
Darwinian Medicine
The Anthropology of Nutrition
Human Evolution: The Fossil Evidence (ANTH/)
Human Osteology
Human Ecology: The Biology of Human Adaptability
Epidemiology and the Evolution of Human Diseases
Total Units15

 

Archaeology Minor

ANTH 102Being Human: An Introduction to Social and Cultural Anthropology3
ANTH 103Introduction to Human Evolution3
ANTH 107Archaeology: An Introduction3
One geographical area course:3
Archaeology of Eastern North America
The Most Ancient Near East
Cultural Area Studies in Anthropology
Japanese Culture and Society
Chinese Culture and Society
One approved archaeology course:3
Archaeology of Eastern North America
Methods in Archaeology
Field Methods in Archaeology
Special Topics in Prehistory
The Most Ancient Near East
Roots of Ancient India: Archaeology of South Asia
Independent Study
Summer fieldwork
Total Units15

 

Medical Anthropology and Global Health   |  Cross-Cultural Aging   |  Joint-Degree Programs

Graduate Programs

The Department of Anthropology offers graduate programs leading to the Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy degrees in anthropology with specializations in medical anthropology and global health, cross-cultural aging, and other areas.

The department also offers three combined degrees:

  • MA or PhD/MPH (with the School of Medicine)
  • MD/MA or PhD (with the School of Medicine)
  • MSN/MA (with the Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing)

Master of Arts

The main purpose of the Master of Arts degree program is to prepare students to begin teaching, research, or service careers with a solid background in anthropology. Undergraduate course work in anthropology, while helpful, is not a prerequisite for admission.

Requirements for the master’s degree include credit hour requirements, core course requirements, and a six-hour comprehensive written Master of Arts examination. A candidate for the master’s degree is required to complete 27 hours of class work, including an approved statistics course (3 hours) in which the student has earned a grade of C or better. No more than 6 credit hours of electives may be taken in 300-level courses (advanced undergraduate courses). All master’s degree candidates are required to attain a minimum cumulative grade point average of 3.0 in the core courses (described below) in order to qualify for the degree. Any student may retake an examination in a required course the next time it is given. The second grade will be the one considered for the student’s overall average.

All master’s degree candidates are required to take a six-hour comprehensive written examination in their field set by the department's examination committee. This examination must be taken before the completion of 27 semester hours of graduate work. Written master’s degree examinations can receive one of three grades: High Pass, Pass, or Fail. “High Pass” signifies performance sufficient for both the Master of Arts degree and advancement to the Doctor of Philosophy program, provided other requirements have also been satisfied. “Pass” signifies performance adequate for the master’s degree but insufficient to enter the doctoral program. “Fail” means a performance inadequate for the master’s degree. In the case of grades of Pass and Fail, the written examination may be retaken once.

Doctor of Philosophy

The Doctor of Philosophy degree program includes specializations in medical anthropology and global health, cross-cultural aging, human biology/physical anthropology, and sociocultural anthropology. It requires a minimum of 36 credit hours.

PhD students will work with their doctoral advisor and faculty committee to determine prior to completing candidacy exams what foreign language, if any, is needed to successfully complete the PhD. If language competency is required, the language requirement can be met by a demonstration of competency either in a relevant written language or in an oral field language. The advisor, in consultation with the committee, will determine the level of competency needed and by what means language proficiency will be certified. Certification of competency must occur prior to the dissertation defense.

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Medical Anthropology and Global Health Program

The objective of the Medical Anthropology and Global Health Program is to train medical anthropologists, physicians, nurses, and other health professionals (1) to recognize and deal with, on both theoretical and practical levels, the complex relations between the biological, social, cultural, psychological, economic, and techno-environmental determinants and concomitants of sickness and health in both local and global settings; and (2) to analyze and evaluate how health services are organized and delivered.

Within the Medical Anthropology and Global Health Program, students may choose to specialize in medical anthropology, cross-cultural aging, international health, urban health, or psychological anthropology.

MA Requirements

The curriculum covers the range of medical anthropology interests: ethnomedicine, international health, urban health, psychiatric anthropology, human adaptation and disease, nutrition, social demography, and so on. All Master of Arts degree students in medical anthropology must complete 27 hours:

ANTH 439Ethnographic and Qualitative Research Methods3
ANTH 462Contemporary Theory in Anthropology3
ANTH 480Medical Anthropology and Global Health I3
ANTH 481Medical Anthropology and Global Health II3
Approved statistics course3
Approved Anthropology electives *12
Total Units27

*

 Anthropology or other department offerings with advisor approval.

PhD Requirements

All PhD students in medical anthropology are required to complete the PhD requirements. Students develop a specific plan of study, requiring a minimum of 36 credit hours, in consultation with their advisor.

  • Students must take an approved statistics course (3 credits) and earn a grade of C or better if this requirement has not been fulfilled at the MA level.
  • Students must take ANTH 504.
  • Students must complete two approved seminars (500 level).
  • Students must take 6-15 credit hours in electives (depending on whether they need to take the statistics course or the 500-level seminars). Students may not take more than six total credit hours of .
  • Students must take 18 credit hours in dissertation ().

After completing course requirements, a student must take the written Doctor of Philosophy candidacy examination. Within one semester of successfully completing this examination, the student is required to defend a dissertation prospectus with the cooperation of his or her advisor and committee.

Specializations in Medical Anthropology and Global Health

 

International Health

The international health specialization offers students training in international health research as well as in evaluation of international health projects. The curriculum includes course work in medical anthropology, epidemiology, and special topics in international health, such as maternal and child health. Students are qualified to work in international health research, in academic positions, or in administrative positions in governmental or private agencies.

Urban Health

The urban health specialization prepares students for careers in anthropology, public health, or allied fields, with a special focus on racial and ethnic disparities in health and on underserved populations in urban areas around the world. Under the guidance of faculty with research experience both domestically and internationally, students will learn anthropological theory and methods focusing on health and illness among urban populations. 

Psychological Anthropology

The psychological anthropology specialization prepares students for positions in teaching and research institutions. It is also relevant for mental health professionals concerned with research and theoretical issues related to multiethnic patient populations.

Cross-Cultural Aging

The cross-cultural aging specialization focuses on the processes of aging and the circumstances of older people throughout the world. Particular attention is given to the impact of social, cultural, economic, political, and demographic variables on the experience of aging.

All MA students in the cross-cultural aging specialization must complete 27 credit hours, including the medical anthropology core courses, an approved statistics course, and 12 credit hours of electives approved by the advisor. At the PhD level, students specializing in cross-cultural aging must develop a program with their advisor to meet all PhD requirements.

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Cross-Cultural Aging Program

In addition to the cross-cultural aging specialization in the Medical Anthropology Program, the department offers a distinct Cross-Cultural Aging program. Degree candidates are required to demonstrate mastery of the literature, theories, and methods appropriate to Western and non-Western gerontology, and are encouraged to gain research experience in both Western and non-Western settings. The program emphasizes the integration of qualitative and quantitative methodologies.

MA Requirements

Graduates of the master’s program are qualified to work in research or administrative positions in governmental and private agencies, and to teach at the college and university levels. All MA students in cross-cultural aging must complete 27 credit hours including the following core courses:

ANTH 401Biological Aging in Humans3
ANTH 404Introduction to the Anthropology of Aging3
ANTH 462Contemporary Theory in Anthropology3
ANTH 504Anthropological Research Design3
Approved Statistics course3
Electives *12
Total Units27

 

PhD Requirements

All PhD students in cross-cultural aging are required to develop a specific plan of study, with a minimum of 36 credit hours, in consultation with their advisor.

Students must take 18 credit hours in electives as approved by their advisory committee. (For those students who have not completed the MA statistics requirement, an approved 3-credit course in statistics is required.) Students must take 18 credit hours in dissertation (ANTH 701 Dissertation PhD).

After completing course requirements, a student must take the written Doctor of Philosophy candidacy examination. Within one semester of successfully completing this examination, the student is required to defend a dissertation prospectus with the cooperation of his or her advisor and committee. Before a candidate is permitted to defend the dissertation, he or she must demonstrate a reading knowledge in a foreign language in which there is a scholarly literature relevant to his or her program of studies. A foreign-born student may substitute his or her native language (if it is not English) if it meets the above conditions.

Other Specializations

Students interested in graduate degrees in social-cultural or physical anthropology should contact the department about requirements.

 

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Joint-Degree Programs

 

MA or PhD/MPH Program with the School of Medicine

The joint MA or PhD/MPH program provides students with the opportunity to receive an anthropology graduate degree and a public health degree simultaneously. A combined public health/anthropology degree will be especially valuable to students interested in working in urban health or international health, or within health policy programs. The joint MA/MPH requires 54 credit hours (21 in anthropology and 33 in public health). The joint PhD/MPH requires an additional 18 credit hours in anthropology beyond the MA level and 18 hours of ANTH 701 Dissertation PhD, for a total of 90 credit hours. All joint-degree students will develop a program of study with their advisors in both anthropology and public health.

MD/MA or PhD Program with the School of Medicine

The objectives of the joint MD/MA or PhD program are to train unusually qualified students to conduct research on a broad range of bio-cultural problems, with emphasis on the relationship between medicine, ecology, subsistence variables, population dynamics, and disease epidemiology; and to identify and analyze sociocultural impediments to the successful introduction of effective functioning and evaluation of health care programs in diverse contexts. Applicants should make separate application for admission to the School of Medicine and the Department of Anthropology (through the School of Graduate Studies). Applications to the Department of Anthropology may include MCAT scores rather than GRE scores, in addition to other information indicated on the graduate school forms.

MSN/MA Program with the Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing

The joint MSN/MA program affords students a unique opportunity to combine the cross-cultural expertise of medical anthropology with clinical expertise in nursing. This combination of skills and knowledge will be of particular value in preparing students for careers in international health and in our multicultural society. Students must complete a minimum of 19 credits in nursing core courses, 12 to 22 credits in clinical major courses, and a minimum of 18 credits in anthropology courses. The actual number of credits depends upon the nursing major selected. The total MSN/MA degree requirement is a minimum of 55 hours.

Courses

ANTH 102. Being Human: An Introduction to Social and Cultural Anthropology. 3 Units.

The nature of culture and humans as culture-bearing animals. The range of cultural phenomena including language, social organization, religion, and culture change, and the relevance of anthropology for contemporary social, economic, and ecological problems.

ANTH 103. Introduction to Human Evolution. 3 Units.

Physical, cultural, and technological evolution of humans. The systematic interrelationships between humans, culture, and environment.

ANTH 107. Archaeology: An Introduction. 3 Units.

Basic archaeological concepts are discussed followed by a review of human cultural and biological evolution from the earliest times through development of state organized societies. Geographical scope is worldwide with special attention given to ecological and cultural relationships affecting human societies through time.

ANTH 202. Archaeology of Eastern North America. 3 Units.

This course is an introduction to the archaeology and prehistory of the eastern woodlands of North America. Course material will focus on the archaeological record of native societies living east of the Mississippi River from the first arrivals at the end of the Pleistocene up to the coming of Europeans. Specific topics for discussion include late Pleistocene settlement, hunter-gatherer environmental adaptations, the origin of food production, and the development of ranked societies.

ANTH 215. Health, Culture, and Disease: An Introduction to Medical Anthropology. 3 Units.

This course is an introduction to the field of Medical Anthropology. Medical Anthropology is concerned with the cross-cultural study of culture, health, and illness. During the course of the semester, our survey will include (1) theoretical orientations and key concepts; (2) the cross-cultural diversity of health beliefs and practices (abroad and at home); and (3) contemporary issues and special populations (e.g., AIDS, homelessness, refugees, women's health, and children at risk).

ANTH 220. Language Culture and Communication. 3 Units.

This course is an introduction to the scientific study of language and communication in the context of culture and social life. The goal of this class is to provide you with a linguistic perspective that is theoretically based and ethnographically constituted. We will examine diverse topics and issues essential to gaining an understanding of the complex inter-relationships between language, communication and culture. The topics will include: the nature of language, its structure, the effects of linguistic categories on thought and social behaviors, analyses of talk-in-interactions across a wide range of social settings and cultural contexts, gestures, comportment practices and the use of space, linguistic variation and change, verbal art, language and emotion, the limits of language, institutional language, and issues of language and identity. Students with interest in language and culture as well as those who are new to linguistic anthropology are welcome. No prior training in linguistics is presupposed.

ANTH 225. Evolution. 3 Units.

Multidisciplinary study of the course and processes of organic evolution provides a broad understanding of the evolution of structural and functional diversity, the relationships among organisms and their environments, and the phylogenetic relationships among major groups of organisms. Topics include the genetic basis of micro- and macro-evolutionary change, the concept of adaptation, natural selection, population dynamics, theories of species formation, principles of phylogenetic inference, biogeography, evolutionary rates, evolutionary convergence, homology, Darwinian medicine, and conceptual and philosophic issues in evolutionary theory. Offered as ANTH 225, BIOL 225, GEOL 225, HSTY 225, and PHIL 225.

ANTH 233. Introduction to Jewish Folklore. 3 Units.

Exploration of a variety of genres, research methods and interpretations of Jewish folklore, from antiquity to the present. Emphasis on how Jewish folk traditions and culture give us access to the spirit and mentality of the many different generations of the Jewish ethnic group, illuminating its past and informing the direction of its future development. Offered as ANTH 233 and JDST 233.

ANTH 295. Comparative Primate Behavior. 3 Units.

The behavior of non-human primates (prosimians, monkeys, and apes) and the relevance of these studies for understanding the evolution of human behavior. Biological and ecological influences on behavior. The social aspects of primate life, both human and nonhuman. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102 or ANTH 103 or consent of department.

ANTH 301. Biological Aging in Humans. 3 Units.

Biological aging phenomena, evidence that various sociocultural and environmental influences may slow or accelerate the aging process, and theories explaining the evolution of the aging process. Recommended preparation: ANTH 103. Offered as ANTH 301 and ANTH 401.

ANTH 302. Darwinian Medicine. 3 Units.

Darwinian medicine deals with evolutionary aspects of modern human disease. It applies the concepts and methods of evolutionary biology to the question of why we are vulnerable to disease. Darwinian (or evolutionary) medicine proposes several general hypotheses about disease causation including disease as evolutionary legacy and design compromise, the result of a novel environment, a consequence of genetic adaptation, the result of infectious organisms' evolutionary adaptations, and disease symptoms as manifestation of defense mechanisms. It proposes that evolutionary ideas can explain, help to prevent and perhaps help to treat some diseases. This course presents the basic logic of Darwinian medicine and evaluates hypotheses about specific diseases that illustrate each of the hypotheses about disease causation. Recommended preparation: ANTH 103. Offered as ANTH 302 and ANTH 402.

ANTH 304. Introduction to the Anthropology of Aging. 3 Units.

Reviews historical and methodological approaches to the study of aging. Examines theoretical assumptions about aging by comparing studies from Western and non-Western societies that illustrate the differential importance of culture in the experience of aging. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 304 and ANTH 404.

ANTH 305. Child Policy. 3 Units.

This course introduces students to issues in child policy. Local, state and federal child policy will be considered, and topics will include, for example, policies related to child poverty, schooling, child welfare, and children's physical and mental health. Students will learn how policy is developed, how research informs policy and vice versa. Recommended preparation: One social sciences course or consent. Offered as ANTH 305 and CHST 301.

ANTH 306. The Anthropology of Childhood and the Family. 3 Units.

Child-rearing patterns and the family as an institution, using evidence from Western and non-Western cultures. Human universals and cultural variation, the experience of childhood and recent changes in the American family. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 306 and ANTH 406.

ANTH 307. Experiential Learning in Child Policy. 3 - 6 Units.

Focus on state and federal legislation impacting children, youth, and families. Course includes an experiential learning component at the state or federal level and a travel experience to either Columbus, OH or Washington, D.C. to learn firsthand how policy is formed. Students may take this course twice for credit. Offered as ANTH 307 and CHST 302.

ANTH 308. Child Policy Externship. 3 Units.

Externships offered through CHST 398/ANTH 308 give students an opportunity to work directly with professionals who design and implement policies that impact the lives of children and their families. Agencies involved are active in areas such as childcare, education, juvenile justice, and physical and mental health. Students apply for the externships, and selected students are placed in local child policy agencies. Each student develops an individualized learning plan in consultation with the Childhood Studies Program faculty and the supervisor in the agency. CHST 398/ANTH 308 is a 3 credit-hour course and may be taken twice for a total of 6 credit hours. Offered as CHST 398 and ANTH 308.

ANTH 310. Introduction to Linguistic Anthropology. 3 Units.

This is an introduction to the core concepts, theories and methodologies that form the study of language from an anthropological point of view. The course provides exposure to current issues in linguistic anthropological research and reviews some of the foundational topics of research past, highlighting the contributions of linguistics to anthropology and social science. Topics to be explored include: 1) an overview of the study of language (language structure and patterns, the effects of linguistic categories on thought and behavior, meaning and linguistic relativity, cross-language comparison, and non-verbal communication); 2) doing linguistic anthropology "on the ground" (an intro to the laboratory and field techniques of linguistic anthropology); 3) the study of language as function and social action (language and social structure speech acts and events, verbal art, language and emotion); and 4) the study of language/discourse and power (language in politics, medicine, and law). Offered as ANTH 310 and ANTH 410.

ANTH 313. The Anthropology of Adolescence. 3 Units.

This course investigates the anthropology of adolescence. What are the conditions under which adolescence has appeared around the world as a life stage? What are the roles of adolescence cross-culturally? What are the varieties of adolescent experience? Through classic and contemporary texts, the course will address these questions as well as special topics particularly important to adolescence such as globalization, mental health, and sexuality. Offered as ANTH 313 and ANTH 413.

ANTH 314. Cultures of the United States. 3 Units.

This course considers the rich ethnic diversity of the U.S. from the perspective of social/cultural anthropology. Conquest, immigration, problems of conflicts and accommodation, and the character of the diverse regional and ethnic cultures are considered as are forms of racism, discrimination, and their consequences. Groups of interest include various Latina/o and Native peoples, African-American groups, and specific ethnic groups of Pacific, Mediterranean, European, Asian, and Caribbean origin. Offered as ANTH 314, ETHS 314, and ANTH 414.

ANTH 317. Asian Medical Systems. 3 Units.

Examines the philosophical assumptions and therapies of the traditional and contemporary medical systems of India, Tibet, China, and Japan. Particular attention will be given to the folk, popular, and institutional sectors of medical practice as well as to the contemporary relationship between traditional medicine and Western medicine in each of these societies. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 317 and ANTH 417.

ANTH 318. Death and Dying. 3 Units.

Examines cultural context of death and dying. Topics include social and psychological consequences of changing patterns of mortality, attitudes towards the taking of life, preparation for death, mortuary rituals, grief and mourning, and nature of relationship between living and dead. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 318 or ANTH 418.

ANTH 319. Introduction to Statistical Analysis in the Social Sciences. 3 Units.

Statistical description (central tendency, variation, correlation, etc.) and statistical evaluation (two sample comparisons, regression, analysis of variance, non-parametric statistics). Developing an understanding of statistical inference, particularly on proper usage of statistical methods. Examples from the social sciences. Cannot be used to meet the A&S Humanities and Social Sciences requirement. Not available for credit to students who have completed STAT 201 or PSCL 282.

ANTH 321. Methods in Archaeology. 3 Units.

This course reviews the basic methods and techniques used in modern anthropological archaeology. Topics to be discussed include the nature of the archaeological record, research design, techniques of field archaeology, methods of laboratory analysis, museum archaeology, ethnoarchaeology, and cultural interpretation. Prereq: ANTH 107.

ANTH 323. AIDS: Epidemiology, Biology, and Culture. 3 Units.

This course will examine the biological and cultural impact of AIDS in different societies around the world. Topics include: the origin and evolution of the virus, the evolutionary implications of the epidemic, routes of transmission, a historical comparison of AIDS to other epidemics in human history, current worldwide prevalences of AIDS, and cultural responses to the epidemic. Special emphasis will be placed on the long-term biological and social consequences of the epidemic. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102 or ANTH 103 or ANTH 105. Offered as ANTH 323 and ANTH 423.

ANTH 324. Field Methods in Archaeology. 3 - 6 Units.

This field course is designed to give the student a comprehensive introduction to archaeological field work. All participants will be introduced to the methods of archaeological survey, techniques of hand excavation, artifact identification, and the preparation of field notes and documentation. In large measure this is a "learning through doing" course which is supplemented by formal and informal lectures and discussions about archaeological methods and regional prehistory. The Fields School is held as two, three-week sessions of instruction in the field. All participants are required to attend an orientation meeting that is held at the Museum on the first day of each session. The remainder of each session will take place from Monday through Friday at an archaeological site in northeast Ohio. Students are responsible for their own transportation to and from the field site and must bring a sack lunch. All participants will receive a field manual which will provide detailed information on the course and techniques of field work.

ANTH 326. Power, Illness, and Inequality: The Political Economy of Health. 3 Units.

This course explores the relationship between social inequality and the distribution of health and illness across class, race, gender, sexual orientation, and national boundaries. Class readings drawn from critical anthropological approaches to the study of health emphasize the fundamental importance of power relations and economic constraints in explaining patterns of disease. The course critically examines the nature of Western biomedicine and inequality in the delivery of health services. Special consideration is given to political economic analysis of health issues in the developing world such as AIDS, hunger, reproductive health, and primary health care provision. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102 or ANTH 215. Offered as ANTH 326 and ANTH 426.

ANTH 327. Ancient Cultures of the Ohio Region. 3 Units.

This course surveys the archaeology of Native American cultures in the Great Lakes region from ca. 10,000 B.C. to A.D. 1700. The geographic scope of this course is the upper Midwest, southern Ontario, and the St. Lawrence Valley with a focus on the Ohio region. Recommended preparation: ANTH 107. Offered as ANTH 327 and ANTH 427.

ANTH 330. Special Topics in Prehistory. 3 Units.

Special topics or geographical areas of archaeological significance (e.g., the origins of food production, the archaeology of the Mediterranean, the archaeology of North America). Recommended preparation: ANTH 102 or ANTH 107.

ANTH 331. The Most Ancient Near East. 3 Units.

The Near East, archaeologically, is the most intensely researched area in the world. The research, spanning 150 years, reveals a continuous record of human adaptation spanning two million years, five human species, multiple major environmental changes, and shifts in human adaptive strategies from nomadic hunting and gathering to sedentary village agriculture and the emergence of urban centers "civilization." The archaeological record of this extraordinary period beginning two million years ago until about 4000 BC is reviewed. Emphasis is placed on the human response to social and ecological changes. The course examines how the emergence of sedentary settlements, surplus food production, population growth, interregional trade, and social-economically stratified societies fundamentally changed the human condition. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102 or ANTH 107.

ANTH 333. Roots of Ancient India: Archaeology of South Asia. 3 Units.

Archaeological discoveries in South Asia (modern India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Nepal) reveal a continuous record of human habitation from almost two million years ago until the present. Early human populations in the region encountered dramatically changing ecological conditions resulting in various cultural adaptations over this long period. Beginning with the earliest hunter-gatherer populations, archaeological data reveal a diversity of cultural changes/adaptations in South Asia resulting in the indigenous development of sedentary agricultural societies coexisting with hunters and gatherers, and with pastoral nomadic groups interacting over diverse econiches. These cultural developments resulted in the formation of the Harappan (Indus Valley) culture - a unique, ancient (2600-1300 BC) Old World civilization. Archaeological data indicate this Harappan culture provided basic fundamental cultural traits that evolved into the culturally Early Historic Indian Tradition. Special attention is given to theoretical controversies surrounding the cultural continuity issue in South Asian culture history and its significance for understanding Old World archaeology. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102 or ANTH 107.

ANTH 335. Illegal Drugs and Society. 3 Units.

This course provides perspectives on illegal drug use informed by the social, political and economic dimensions of the issues. Framed by the history, epidemiology, and medical consequences of drug use, students will confront the complex challenges posed by addiction. Anthropological research conducted in the U.S. and cross-culturally will demonstrate, elaborate and juxtapose various clinical, public health, and law enforcement policies and perspectives. Topics examined will include: why exclusively using a bio-medical model of addiction is inadequate; how effective is the war on drugs; what prevention, intervention and treatment efforts work; and various ideological/moral perspectives on illegal drug use. Offered as ANTH 335 and ANTH 435.

ANTH 337. Comparative Medical Systems. 3 Units.

This course considers the world's major medical systems. Foci include professional and folk medical systems of Asia and South Asia, North and South America, Europe and the Mediterranean, including the Christian and Islamic medical traditions. Attention is paid to medical origins and the relationship of popular to professional medicines. The examination of each medical tradition includes consideration of its psychological medicine and system of medical ethics. Recommended preparation: ANTH 215. Offered as ANTH 337 and ANTH 437.

ANTH 338. Maternal Health: Anthropological Perspectives on Reproductive Practices and Health Policy. 3 Units.

The reproductive process is shared by humans as biological beings. However, the experience of pregnancy and childbirth is also dependent on the cultural, social, political, historical, and political-economic setting. This course frames issues in reproductive health by looking at the complex issues associated with maternal health and mortality world-wide. After reviewing biomedical perspectives on reproductive processes this course will focus on childbirth and pregnancy as the process and ritual by which societies welcome new members. This course will review ethnomedical concepts; discuss the interaction between local, national, and global agendas shaping reproductive practices; and conclude with anthropological critiques of reproductive health initiatives. Offered as ANTH 338 and ANTH 438.

ANTH 339. Ethnographic and Qualitative Research Methods. 3 Units.

This is a course on applying ethnographic research methods in the social sciences. Ethnographic research seeks to understand and describe the experiences of research participants (i.e. subjects) through becoming involved in their daily lives. Findings from ethnography are generated through systematic observation within the natural context in which behavior occurs (i.e. fieldwork). Unlike methods that emphasize detachment, distance, and objectivity, ethnography involves developing knowledge by becoming an ad hoc member of the group(s) one is studying. The principal techniques of ethnography, "participant-observation" and "In-depth open ended interviewing," require actively engaging the research process. This class will explore ethnographic research techniques, as well as other qualitative research methods. In addition to addressing how such methods make claims about social phenomena, this class will also explore more practical topics such as: developing questions, entering the field, establishing rapport, taking and managing field notes, coding data, and data analysis. Lectures, readings, and class discussion will be complimented by assignments using techniques. Offered as ANTH 339 and ANTH 439. Prereq: ANTH 102.

ANTH 340. Culture and Emotion. 3 Units.

The cross-cultural consideration of the relationship of culture and emotion. The cultural construction of the experience and expression of emotion. Key substantive issues include: ethnopsychological variations in indigenous conceptualizations and displays of emotion; the socialization of affect; the self and emotion; contextual variations in emotional expression with respect to gender, power relations, patterns of subsistence, and the individual; and the relationship between emotion and illness processes. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 340 and ANTH 440.

ANTH 341. Cultural Area Studies in Anthropology. 3 Units.

Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 341 and ANTH 441.

ANTH 343. Psychoanalytic Anthropology. 3 Units.

Psychoanalytic theory and its application to cross-cultural materials. The cultural context of analytic theory's development and its applications in social/cultural and medical anthropology; application of cultural criticism to psychoanalytic conceptions and its constructions of the following: social evolution; religious ideology, praxis, patterns and dynamics; altered states of consciousness; individual personality and psychopathology; individual and cultural defense mechanisms; socialization; cognition; emotion; symbolism; and gender. Also considers bases for a culturally relative analytic theory. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 343 and ANTH 443.

ANTH 345. Ethnicity, Gender, and Mental Health. 3 Units.

An overview of mental health status and ethnicity. Analysis of ethnicity in relation to culture, social class, gender, sociopolitical conflict and the world refugee crisis. Consideration of populations at special risk for the development of specific mental disorders (e.g., schizophrenia, affective disorders, adjustment and stress disorders). Contemporary ethnographic survey of ethnic groups at risk both at home and abroad. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 345 and ANTH 445.

ANTH 347. Cultural Ecology: An Epistemological Approach to Environmental Sustainability. 3 Units.

This course provides the understanding that the realm of human culture is where both the cause and cure of nearly all contemporary environmental sustainability challenges are found. This is because culture is the medium through which humans as living systems perceive, interpret, and act upon their environment. Through understanding principles that guide living systems and applying them to human/nature interaction in diverse cultures throughout the world, students develop an ecological epistemology, or way of knowing nature. This leads to more effective advocacy for environmental sustainability and an increasing depth in interaction with nature, particularly in the domains of aesthetics and the sacred. This course is an approved SAGES Departmental seminar. Offered as ANTH 347 and ANTH 447. Prereq: ANTH 102.

ANTH 348. Sexuality and Gender. 3 Units.

This course examines the relationships among gender, sexuality, race, nation, and the body. In particular, it focuses on contemporary ideas and theories in the study of the complex historical and cultural relationships between sexuality and gender. In addition, we examine sexuality and social movements, identity politics, and the so-called "culture wars." In short, this class will not be a voyeuristic narration of exotic sexual or gender practices; and where we use the "other" it will be solely for the purpose of exploring our own practices and ideologies. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 348 and ANTH 448.

ANTH 349. Cultures of Latin America. 3 Units.

The aim of this course is to consider cultural diversity and social inequality in contemporary Latin America from an anthropological perspective. A variety of aspects related to ethnicity, religion, music, gender, social movements, cuisine, urban spaces, violence, and ecology are considered in addition to current economic and political issues. These topics will be analyzed in relation to Latin America's complex historical and social formation and its identity representations. The course takes under consideration various case studies in which not just local communities but also perceptions of national institutions and practices will be analyzed from pluralistic approaches (provided by either Latin American and non-Latin American researchers) that combine fieldwork, interviews and life experiences with textual and media sources. Special attention will be paid to contemporary global issues affecting Latin America. Offered as ANTH 349 and ANTH 449. Prereq: ANTH 102.

ANTH 351. Topics in International Health. 3 Units.

Special topics of interest in International Health. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102 or ANTH 215. Offered as ANTH 351 and ANTH 451.

ANTH 352. Japanese Culture and Society. 3 Units.

Focuses on contemporary Japanese cultural and social institutions. Topics include child-rearing, personality, values, education, gender roles, the dual economy, and popular culture. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 352 and ANTH 452.

ANTH 353. Chinese Culture and Society. 3 Units.

Focuses on Chinese cultural and social institutions during the Maoist and post-Maoist eras. Topics include ideology, economics, politics, religion, family life, and popular culture. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 353 and ANTH 453.

ANTH 356. Mediterranean Culture and Society. 3 Units.

Ethnography of the Mediterranean culture area. Topics include geography, topography, climate, rural and urban life styles, economy, social identity (encompassing gender, ethnic, national, provincial, tribal and religious identity), religion, ritual relations, concepts of self, health and healing, politics, worldview and values, family and kinship, aging, death and dying. Past and present methods and problems of anthropological research in the region and the theoretical frameworks that have guided researchers. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 356 and ANTH 456.

ANTH 357. Native American Cultures. 3 Units.

Intensive examination of the cultures of selected Native American peoples, including historical, political, religious, social organizational, linguistic, and medical/psychiatric aspects of American Indian life. Not available for credit to students who have completed USSO 219. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 357 and ANTH 457.

ANTH 358. Women's Mental Health. 3 Units.

This anthropological course is an examination of the cultural psychology of women in the following domains: (1) women's social status cross-culturally; (2) specific psychiatric syndromes, such as psychoses, mood and personality disorders as they affect women; and (3) power and resilience. Issues of the cultural validity of psychological theories for women across diverse settings is the subject of critique throughout the seminar. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102 or ANTH 215. Offered as: ANTH 358, ANTH 458.

ANTH 359. Introduction to International Health. 3 Units.

Critical health problems and needs in developing countries. Prevalence of infectious disease, malnutrition, chronic disease, injury control. Examines strategies for improvement of health in less developed countries. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 359 and ANTH 459.

ANTH 361. Urban Health. 3 Units.

This course provides an anthropological perspective on the most important health problems facing urban population around the world. Special attention will be given to an examination of disparities in health among urban residents based on poverty, race/ethnicity, gender, and nationality. Offered as ANTH 361 and ANTH 461.

ANTH 362. Contemporary Theory in Anthropology. 3 Units.

A critical examination of anthropological thought in England, France and the United States during the second half of the twentieth century. Emphasis will be on the way authors formulate questions that motivate anthropological discourse, on the way central concepts are formulated and applied and on the controversies and debates that result. Readings are drawn from influential texts by prominent contemporary anthropologists. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 362 and ANTH 462.

ANTH 363. Anthropology and Bioethics. 3 Units.

The course will review theoretical work on anthropology and values, the discipline of bioethics, its philosophical roots, the body of anthropological work in bioethics, and critically examine a number of current bioethical issues in the United States and internationally. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 363 and ANTH 463.

ANTH 365. Gender and Sex Differences: Cross-cultural Perspective. 3 Units.

Gender roles and sex differences throughout the life cycle considered from a cross-cultural perspective. Major approaches to explaining sex roles discussed in light of information from both Western and non-Western cultures. Offered as ANTH 365 and ANTH 465 and WGST 365. Prereq: ANTH 102 or consent of department.

ANTH 367. Topics in Evolutionary Biology. 3 Units.

The focus for this course on a special topic of interest in evolutionary biology will vary from one offering to the next. Examples of possible topics include theories of speciation, the evolution of language, the evolution of sex, evolution and biodiversity, molecular evolution. ANAT/ANTH/GEOL/PHIL 467/BIOL 468 will require a longer, more sophisticated term paper, and additional class presentation. Offered as ANTH 367, BIOL 368, GEOL 367, PHIL 367, ANAT 467, ANTH 467, BIOL 468, GEOL 467, and PHIL 467. Prereq: ANTH 225 or equivalent.

ANTH 368. Evolutionary Biology Capstone. 3 Units.

This course focuses on a special topic of interest in evolutionary biology that will vary from one offering to the next. Examples of possible topics include theories of speciation, the evolution of language, the evolution of sex, evolution and biodiversity, molecular evolution. Students will participate in discussions and lead class seminars on evolutionary topics and in collaboration with an advisor or advisors, select a topic for a research paper or project. Each student will write a major research report or complete a major project and will make a public presentation of her/his findings. Offered as ANTH 368, BIOL 369, PHIL 368. Prereq: ANTH 225, BIOL 225, GEOL 225, HSTY 225, PHIL 225 or its equivalent or permission of instructor.

ANTH 369. The Anthropology of Nutrition. 3 Units.

Examines human nutrition and physical performance within the framework of human adaptability theory. The emphasis is on the measurement of energetic intake and expenditure in human populations; the assessment, health consequences, and bio-cultural correlates of malnutrition and obesity; and the uses of energetic data in assessing human population adaptation. Recommended preparation: ANTH 103. Offered as ANTH 369 and ANTH 469.

ANTH 369D. The Anthropology of Nutrition. 3 Units.

Human nutrition is examined from an anthropological perspective. We will briefly cover methods for assessing and evaluating dietary intake and dietary patterns. The remainder of the course will focus on various social, ecological, and genetic factors which influence human nutritional patterns and the causes and consequences of protein-energy malnutrition. The course will be taught in a seminar format and is designed to enhance your skills in critically reading the anthropological literature and in improving your written and oral communication skills. A student may not receive credit for both ANTH 369 and ANTH 369D. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102, ANTH 103.

ANTH 370. Field Seminar in Paleoanthropology. 12 Units.

Paleoanthropology is the study of human physical and cultural evolution based on fossils and cultural remains from ancient geological times. These fossils and cultural remains are collected by conducting fieldwork in various parts of the world where geological phenomena have exposed fossiliferous sedimentary windows from the deep past. Hence, fieldwork is one of the major backbones of paleoanthropology. This course is designed for advanced undergraduate students who are interested in pursuing higher degrees in paleoanthropology, human paleobiology, evolutionary biology, or other related disciplines. This course introduces students to the principles and methods of paleontological fieldwork in real time. It introduces students to paleoanthropological fieldwork from locating fossiliferous areas based on aerial photo interpretations to survey methodology; from methods of systematic excavation, fossil collection and documentation in the field, to curation and preparation of fossil specimens in laboratories; from conducting scientific analyses in laboratory environments to subsequently publishing the results in peer-reviewed journals. Recommended preparation: ANTH 377. Prereq: ANTH 103 and ANTH 375.

ANTH 371. Culture, Behavior, and Person: Psychological Anthropology. 3 Units.

Cross-cultural perspectives on personality, human development, individual variability, cognition, deviant behavior, and the role of the individual in his/her society. Classic and contemporary anthropological writings on Western and non-Western societies. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 371 and ANTH 471.

ANTH 372. Anthropological Approaches to Religion. 3 Units.

The development of, and current approaches to, comparative religion from an anthropological perspective. Topics include witchcraft, ritual, myth, healing, religious language and symbolism, religion and gender, religious experience, the nature of the sacred, religion and social change, altered states of consciousness, and evil. Using material from a wide range of world cultures, critical assessment is made of conventional distinctions such as those between rational/irrational, natural/supernatural, magic/religion, and primitive/civilized. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 372, RLGN 372 and ANTH 472.

ANTH 375. Human Evolution: The Fossil Evidence. 3 Units.

This course will survey the biological and behavioral changes that occurred in the hominid lineage during the past five million years. In addition to a thorough review of the fossil evidence for human evolution, students will develop the theoretical framework in evolutionary biology. Recommended preparation: ANTH 377, BIOL 225. Offered as ANAT 375, ANTH 375, ANAT 475 and ANTH 475. Prereq: ANTH 103.

ANTH 376. Topics in the Anthropology of Health and Medicine. 3 Units.

Special topics of interest, such as the biology of human adaptability; the ecology of the human life cycle health delivery systems; transcultural psychiatry; nutrition, health, and disease; paleoepidemiology; and population anthropology. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102 or ANTH 103. Offered as ANTH 376 and ANTH 476.

ANTH 377. Human Osteology. 4 Units.

This course for upper division undergraduates and graduate students will review the following topics: human skeletal development and identification; and forensic identification (skeletal aging, sex identification and population affiliation). Offered as ANAT 377, ANTH 377, ANAT 477 and ANTH 477.

ANTH 378. Reproductive Health: An Evolutionary Perspective. 3 Units.

This course provides students with an evolutionary perspective on the factors influencing human reproductive health, including reproductive biology, ecology, and various aspects of natural human fertility. Our focus will be on variation in human reproduction in mostly non-western populations. Recommended preparation: ANTH 103. Offered as ANTH 378 and ANTH 478.

ANTH 379. Topics in Cultural and Social Anthropology. 3 Units.

Special topics of interest across the range of social and cultural anthropology. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 379 and ANTH 479.

ANTH 380. Independent Study in Laboratory Archaeology I. 1 - 3 Unit.

This course provides an introduction to the basic methods and techniques of artifact curation and laboratory analysis in archaeology. Under the supervision of the instructor, each student will develop and carry out a focused project of material analysis and interpretation using the archaeology collections of the Cleveland Museum of Natural History. Each student is required to spend a minimum of two hours per week in the Archaeology laboratory for each credit hour taken. By the end of the course, the student will prepare a short report describing the results of their particular project. Recommended preparation: ANTH 107 and permission of department, and prior permission of Department of Archaeology at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History.

ANTH 381. Independent Study in Laboratory Archaeology II. 1 - 3 Unit.

This course provides an introduction to the basic methods and techniques of artifact curation and laboratory analysis in archaeology. Under the supervision of the instructor, each student will develop and carry out a focused project of material analysis and interpretation using the archaeology collections of the Cleveland Museum of Natural History. Each student is required to spend a minimum of two hours per week in the Archaeology laboratory for each credit hour taken. By the end of the course, the student will prepare a short report describing the results of their particular project. Recommended preparation: ANTH 107 and permission of department, and prior permission of Department of Archaeology at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History.

ANTH 382. Anthropological and Ecological Perspectives on Preserving and Restoring the Natural World. 3 Units.

Now that the environmentally deleterious effects of modern Western culture on the natural world have reached major proportions it has become crucial to explore innovative solutions to this dilemma. In this course novel perspectives derived from the intersection of anthropology and ecology are discussed. The primary perspective focused upon is the understanding that human culture and the natural world in which it is embedded are essentially communicative, or semiotic processes, which thrive upon diverse interaction and feedback. Preserving and restoring the Natural World thus shifts from protecting individual species and particular cultural practices to enhancing the communicative matrix of life and multiple cultural views of the environment. Through this understanding, students will learn to apply a more elegant, effective, and aesthetically pleasing perspective to the challenging environmental issues facing our contemporary world. An in-depth examination of the North American Prairie, along with a comparison of influences on the landscape by indigenous and modern Western Culture will serve as the particular region of focus. This course is an approved SAGES departmental seminar. Offered as ANTH 382 and ANTH 482.

ANTH 385. Applied Anthropology. 3 Units.

This class will provide students with an overview of how anthropologists put theories, methods, and findings to use in addressing social issues and problems. Applied projects presented will span a diverse range of topics and fields, including: healthcare and medicine, nutrition, international development, displacement of populations, education, as well projects from business and industry. Class discussion will address orientations of and advantages in applied approaches, as well the ethical questions such projects often encounter. Offered as ANTH 385 and ANTH 485.

ANTH 388. Globalization, Development and Underdevelopment: Anthropological Persp. 3 Units.

This course examines both theoretical and practical perspectives on globalization and economic development in the "Third World." From "Dependency," "Modernization," and "World System" theory to post-structuralist critiques of development discourse, the class seeks to provide a framework for understanding current debates on development and globalization. The "neoliberal monologue" that dominates the contemporary development enterprise is critically examined in the context of growing global inequality. Special consideration is given to the roles of international agencies such as the World Bank, International Monetary Fund, United Nations, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the "development industry." The course also focuses on the contribution of anthropologists to development theory and practice with emphasis on the impact of development on the health of the poor and survival of indigenous cultures. Opportunities for professional anthropologists in the development field are reviewed. Offered as ANTH 388 and ANTH 488.

ANTH 389. Crossroads: Transformation of Rural Blues into Urban Rock. 3 Units.

A multimedia approach to the development and transformation of an American musical form, the blues. Foci include the social and cultural history of rural and urban blues, rhythm and blues, rock 'n' roll, and the later forms of rock, the social context and life histories of modern music's creators and innovators, the development of vocal and instrumental styles, blues and rock, visual and performance iconography, milestones in the development of musical genres and the major roles of racism and discrimination in the development of these forms of popular music. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 389 and ANTH 489.

ANTH 391. Honors Tutorial. 3 Units.

Prereq: Acceptance into Honors Program.

ANTH 392. Honors Tutorial. 3 Units.

Prereq: Acceptance into Honors Program.

ANTH 393. Human Ecology: The Biology of Human Adaptability. 3 Units.

The place of human populations in the ecosystem. The importance of biological and behavioral responses of populations ranging from hunters and gatherers to contemporary and industrial societies. The effect of various natural and manmade stresses on man's adaptation to the environment. Recommended preparation: ANTH 103. Offered as ANTH 393 and ANTH 493.

ANTH 394. Seminar in Evolutionary Biology. 3 Units.

This seminar investigates 20th-century evolutionary theory, especially the Modern Evolutionary synthesis and subsequent expansions of and challenges to that synthesis. The course encompasses the multidisciplinary nature of the science of evolution, demonstrating how disciplinary background influences practitioners' conceptualizations of pattern and process. This course emphasizes practical writing and research skills, including formulation of testable theses, grant proposal techniques, and the implementation of original research using the facilities on campus and at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History. Offered as ANTH 394, BIOL 394, GEOL 394, HSTY 394, PHIL 394, ANTH 494, BIOL 494, GEOL 494, HSTY 494, and PHIL 494.

ANTH 396. Undergraduate Research in Evolutionary Biology. 3 Units.

Students propose and conduct guided research on an aspect of evolutionary biology. The research will be sponsored and supervised by a member of the CASE faculty or other qualified professional. A written report must be submitted to the Evolutionary Biology Steering Committee before credit is granted. Offered as ANTH 396, BIOL 396, GEOL 396, and PHIL 396. Prereq: ANTH 225 or equivalent.

ANTH 397. Epidemiology and the Evolution of Human Diseases. 3 Units.

Basic concepts of infectious and degenerative diseases. Description and analysis of the changing distribution and determinants of disease in prehistoric, historic, and contemporary human populations. Recommended preparation: ANTH 103. Offered as ANTH 397 and ANTH 497.

ANTH 398. Anthropology SAGES Capstone. 3 Units.

Supervised original research on a topic in anthropology, culminating in a written report and a public presentation. The research project may be in the form of an independent research project, a literature review, or some other original project with anthropological significance. The project must be approved and supervised by faculty. Group research projects are acceptable, but a plan which clearly identifies the distinct and substantial role of each participant must be approved by the supervising faculty. Prereq: Major in Anthropology.

ANTH 398C. Child Policy Externship and Capstone. 3 Units.

Externships offered through CHST/ANTH/PSCL 398C give students an opportunity to work directly with professionals who design and implement policies that impact the lives of children and their families. Agencies involved are active in areas such as childcare, education, juvenile justice, and physical and mental health. Students apply for the externships, and selected students are placed in local child policy agencies. Each student develops an individualized learning plan in consultation with the Childhood Studies Program faculty and the supervisor in the agency. Offered as CHST 398C, ANTH 398C, and PSCL 398C.

ANTH 399. Independent Study. 1 - 6 Unit.

Students may propose topics for independent reading and research.

ANTH 401. Biological Aging in Humans. 3 Units.

Biological aging phenomena, evidence that various sociocultural and environmental influences may slow or accelerate the aging process, and theories explaining the evolution of the aging process. Recommended preparation: ANTH 103. Offered as ANTH 301 and ANTH 401.

ANTH 402. Darwinian Medicine. 3 Units.

Darwinian medicine deals with evolutionary aspects of modern human disease. It applies the concepts and methods of evolutionary biology to the question of why we are vulnerable to disease. Darwinian (or evolutionary) medicine proposes several general hypotheses about disease causation including disease as evolutionary legacy and design compromise, the result of a novel environment, a consequence of genetic adaptation, the result of infectious organisms' evolutionary adaptations, and disease symptoms as manifestation of defense mechanisms. It proposes that evolutionary ideas can explain, help to prevent and perhaps help to treat some diseases. This course presents the basic logic of Darwinian medicine and evaluates hypotheses about specific diseases that illustrate each of the hypotheses about disease causation. Recommended preparation: ANTH 103. Offered as ANTH 302 and ANTH 402.

ANTH 404. Introduction to the Anthropology of Aging. 3 Units.

Reviews historical and methodological approaches to the study of aging. Examines theoretical assumptions about aging by comparing studies from Western and non-Western societies that illustrate the differential importance of culture in the experience of aging. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 304 and ANTH 404.

ANTH 406. The Anthropology of Childhood and the Family. 3 Units.

Child-rearing patterns and the family as an institution, using evidence from Western and non-Western cultures. Human universals and cultural variation, the experience of childhood and recent changes in the American family. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 306 and ANTH 406.

ANTH 410. Introduction to Linguistic Anthropology. 3 Units.

This is an introduction to the core concepts, theories and methodologies that form the study of language from an anthropological point of view. The course provides exposure to current issues in linguistic anthropological research and reviews some of the foundational topics of research past, highlighting the contributions of linguistics to anthropology and social science. Topics to be explored include: 1) an overview of the study of language (language structure and patterns, the effects of linguistic categories on thought and behavior, meaning and linguistic relativity, cross-language comparison, and non-verbal communication); 2) doing linguistic anthropology "on the ground" (an intro to the laboratory and field techniques of linguistic anthropology); 3) the study of language as function and social action (language and social structure speech acts and events, verbal art, language and emotion); and 4) the study of language/discourse and power (language in politics, medicine, and law). Offered as ANTH 310 and ANTH 410.

ANTH 413. The Anthropology of Adolescence. 3 Units.

This course investigates the anthropology of adolescence. What are the conditions under which adolescence has appeared around the world as a life stage? What are the roles of adolescence cross-culturally? What are the varieties of adolescent experience? Through classic and contemporary texts, the course will address these questions as well as special topics particularly important to adolescence such as globalization, mental health, and sexuality. Offered as ANTH 313 and ANTH 413.

ANTH 414. Cultures of the United States. 3 Units.

This course considers the rich ethnic diversity of the U.S. from the perspective of social/cultural anthropology. Conquest, immigration, problems of conflicts and accommodation, and the character of the diverse regional and ethnic cultures are considered as are forms of racism, discrimination, and their consequences. Groups of interest include various Latina/o and Native peoples, African-American groups, and specific ethnic groups of Pacific, Mediterranean, European, Asian, and Caribbean origin. Offered as ANTH 314, ETHS 314, and ANTH 414.

ANTH 417. Asian Medical Systems. 3 Units.

Examines the philosophical assumptions and therapies of the traditional and contemporary medical systems of India, Tibet, China, and Japan. Particular attention will be given to the folk, popular, and institutional sectors of medical practice as well as to the contemporary relationship between traditional medicine and Western medicine in each of these societies. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 317 and ANTH 417.

ANTH 418. Death and Dying. 3 Units.

Examines cultural context of death and dying. Topics include social and psychological consequences of changing patterns of mortality, attitudes towards the taking of life, preparation for death, mortuary rituals, grief and mourning, and nature of relationship between living and dead. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 318 or ANTH 418.

ANTH 423. AIDS: Epidemiology, Biology, and Culture. 3 Units.

This course will examine the biological and cultural impact of AIDS in different societies around the world. Topics include: the origin and evolution of the virus, the evolutionary implications of the epidemic, routes of transmission, a historical comparison of AIDS to other epidemics in human history, current worldwide prevalences of AIDS, and cultural responses to the epidemic. Special emphasis will be placed on the long-term biological and social consequences of the epidemic. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102 or ANTH 103 or ANTH 105. Offered as ANTH 323 and ANTH 423.

ANTH 426. Power, Illness, and Inequality: The Political Economy of Health. 3 Units.

This course explores the relationship between social inequality and the distribution of health and illness across class, race, gender, sexual orientation, and national boundaries. Class readings drawn from critical anthropological approaches to the study of health emphasize the fundamental importance of power relations and economic constraints in explaining patterns of disease. The course critically examines the nature of Western biomedicine and inequality in the delivery of health services. Special consideration is given to political economic analysis of health issues in the developing world such as AIDS, hunger, reproductive health, and primary health care provision. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102 or ANTH 215. Offered as ANTH 326 and ANTH 426.

ANTH 427. Ancient Cultures of the Ohio Region. 3 Units.

This course surveys the archaeology of Native American cultures in the Great Lakes region from ca. 10,000 B.C. to A.D. 1700. The geographic scope of this course is the upper Midwest, southern Ontario, and the St. Lawrence Valley with a focus on the Ohio region. Recommended preparation: ANTH 107. Offered as ANTH 327 and ANTH 427.

ANTH 435. Illegal Drugs and Society. 3 Units.

This course provides perspectives on illegal drug use informed by the social, political and economic dimensions of the issues. Framed by the history, epidemiology, and medical consequences of drug use, students will confront the complex challenges posed by addiction. Anthropological research conducted in the U.S. and cross-culturally will demonstrate, elaborate and juxtapose various clinical, public health, and law enforcement policies and perspectives. Topics examined will include: why exclusively using a bio-medical model of addiction is inadequate; how effective is the war on drugs; what prevention, intervention and treatment efforts work; and various ideological/moral perspectives on illegal drug use. Offered as ANTH 335 and ANTH 435.

ANTH 437. Comparative Medical Systems. 3 Units.

This course considers the world's major medical systems. Foci include professional and folk medical systems of Asia and South Asia, North and South America, Europe and the Mediterranean, including the Christian and Islamic medical traditions. Attention is paid to medical origins and the relationship of popular to professional medicines. The examination of each medical tradition includes consideration of its psychological medicine and system of medical ethics. Recommended preparation: ANTH 215. Offered as ANTH 337 and ANTH 437.

ANTH 438. Maternal Health: Anthropological Perspectives on Reproductive Practices and Health Policy. 3 Units.

The reproductive process is shared by humans as biological beings. However, the experience of pregnancy and childbirth is also dependent on the cultural, social, political, historical, and political-economic setting. This course frames issues in reproductive health by looking at the complex issues associated with maternal health and mortality world-wide. After reviewing biomedical perspectives on reproductive processes this course will focus on childbirth and pregnancy as the process and ritual by which societies welcome new members. This course will review ethnomedical concepts; discuss the interaction between local, national, and global agendas shaping reproductive practices; and conclude with anthropological critiques of reproductive health initiatives. Offered as ANTH 338 and ANTH 438.

ANTH 439. Ethnographic and Qualitative Research Methods. 3 Units.

This is a course on applying ethnographic research methods in the social sciences. Ethnographic research seeks to understand and describe the experiences of research participants (i.e. subjects) through becoming involved in their daily lives. Findings from ethnography are generated through systematic observation within the natural context in which behavior occurs (i.e. fieldwork). Unlike methods that emphasize detachment, distance, and objectivity, ethnography involves developing knowledge by becoming an ad hoc member of the group(s) one is studying. The principal techniques of ethnography, "participant-observation" and "In-depth open ended interviewing," require actively engaging the research process. This class will explore ethnographic research techniques, as well as other qualitative research methods. In addition to addressing how such methods make claims about social phenomena, this class will also explore more practical topics such as: developing questions, entering the field, establishing rapport, taking and managing field notes, coding data, and data analysis. Lectures, readings, and class discussion will be complimented by assignments using techniques. Offered as ANTH 339 and ANTH 439.

ANTH 440. Culture and Emotion. 3 Units.

The cross-cultural consideration of the relationship of culture and emotion. The cultural construction of the experience and expression of emotion. Key substantive issues include: ethnopsychological variations in indigenous conceptualizations and displays of emotion; the socialization of affect; the self and emotion; contextual variations in emotional expression with respect to gender, power relations, patterns of subsistence, and the individual; and the relationship between emotion and illness processes. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 340 and ANTH 440.

ANTH 441. Cultural Area Studies in Anthropology. 3 Units.

Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 341 and ANTH 441.

ANTH 442. The Challenge of Suffering: Meaning, Responses, and Potential for Growth. 3 Units.

The interdisciplinary course will address the multiple facets of suffering, including the meaning of suffering, potential for growth and transformation, policies and practices that influence suffering, and those factors that affect quality of life and quality of death. Concepts and theories will be drawn from the social sciences and humanities, as well as from the health disciplines. The influence of socio-political, cultural, and economic forces of suffering will be addressed. Graduate standing or permission of instructor is required. Offered as: ANTH 442 and MEDS 9440 and NURS 440.

ANTH 443. Psychoanalytic Anthropology. 3 Units.

Psychoanalytic theory and its application to cross-cultural materials. The cultural context of analytic theory's development and its applications in social/cultural and medical anthropology; application of cultural criticism to psychoanalytic conceptions and its constructions of the following: social evolution; religious ideology, praxis, patterns and dynamics; altered states of consciousness; individual personality and psychopathology; individual and cultural defense mechanisms; socialization; cognition; emotion; symbolism; and gender. Also considers bases for a culturally relative analytic theory. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 343 and ANTH 443.

ANTH 445. Ethnicity, Gender, and Mental Health. 3 Units.

An overview of mental health status and ethnicity. Analysis of ethnicity in relation to culture, social class, gender, sociopolitical conflict and the world refugee crisis. Consideration of populations at special risk for the development of specific mental disorders (e.g., schizophrenia, affective disorders, adjustment and stress disorders). Contemporary ethnographic survey of ethnic groups at risk both at home and abroad. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 345 and ANTH 445.

ANTH 447. Cultural Ecology: An Epistemological Approach to Environmental Sustainability. 3 Units.

This course provides the understanding that the realm of human culture is where both the cause and cure of nearly all contemporary environmental sustainability challenges are found. This is because culture is the medium through which humans as living systems perceive, interpret, and act upon their environment. Through understanding principles that guide living systems and applying them to human/nature interaction in diverse cultures throughout the world, students develop an ecological epistemology, or way of knowing nature. This leads to more effective advocacy for environmental sustainability and an increasing depth in interaction with nature, particularly in the domains of aesthetics and the sacred. This course is an approved SAGES Departmental seminar. Offered as ANTH 347 and ANTH 447.

ANTH 448. Sexuality and Gender. 3 Units.

This course examines the relationships among gender, sexuality, race, nation, and the body. In particular, it focuses on contemporary ideas and theories in the study of the complex historical and cultural relationships between sexuality and gender. In addition, we examine sexuality and social movements, identity politics, and the so-called "culture wars." In short, this class will not be a voyeuristic narration of exotic sexual or gender practices; and where we use the "other" it will be solely for the purpose of exploring our own practices and ideologies. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 348 and ANTH 448.

ANTH 449. Cultures of Latin America. 3 Units.

The aim of this course is to consider cultural diversity and social inequality in contemporary Latin America from an anthropological perspective. A variety of aspects related to ethnicity, religion, music, gender, social movements, cuisine, urban spaces, violence, and ecology are considered in addition to current economic and political issues. These topics will be analyzed in relation to Latin America's complex historical and social formation and its identity representations. The course takes under consideration various case studies in which not just local communities but also perceptions of national institutions and practices will be analyzed from pluralistic approaches (provided by either Latin American and non-Latin American researchers) that combine fieldwork, interviews and life experiences with textual and media sources. Special attention will be paid to contemporary global issues affecting Latin America. Offered as ANTH 349 and ANTH 449.

ANTH 451. Topics in International Health. 3 Units.

Special topics of interest in International Health. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102 or ANTH 215. Offered as ANTH 351 and ANTH 451.

ANTH 452. Japanese Culture and Society. 3 Units.

Focuses on contemporary Japanese cultural and social institutions. Topics include child-rearing, personality, values, education, gender roles, the dual economy, and popular culture. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 352 and ANTH 452.

ANTH 453. Chinese Culture and Society. 3 Units.

Focuses on Chinese cultural and social institutions during the Maoist and post-Maoist eras. Topics include ideology, economics, politics, religion, family life, and popular culture. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 353 and ANTH 453.

ANTH 456. Mediterranean Culture and Society. 3 Units.

Ethnography of the Mediterranean culture area. Topics include geography, topography, climate, rural and urban life styles, economy, social identity (encompassing gender, ethnic, national, provincial, tribal and religious identity), religion, ritual relations, concepts of self, health and healing, politics, worldview and values, family and kinship, aging, death and dying. Past and present methods and problems of anthropological research in the region and the theoretical frameworks that have guided researchers. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 356 and ANTH 456.

ANTH 457. Native American Cultures. 3 Units.

Intensive examination of the cultures of selected Native American peoples, including historical, political, religious, social organizational, linguistic, and medical/psychiatric aspects of American Indian life. Not available for credit to students who have completed USSO 219. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 357 and ANTH 457.

ANTH 458. Women's Mental Health. 3 Units.

This anthropological course is an examination of the cultural psychology of women in the following domains: (1) women's social status cross-culturally; (2) specific psychiatric syndromes, such as psychoses, mood and personality disorders as they affect women; and (3) power and resilience. Issues of the cultural validity of psychological theories for women across diverse settings is the subject of critique throughout the seminar. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102 or ANTH 215. Offered as: ANTH 358, ANTH 458.

ANTH 459. Introduction to International Health. 3 Units.

Critical health problems and needs in developing countries. Prevalence of infectious disease, malnutrition, chronic disease, injury control. Examines strategies for improvement of health in less developed countries. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 359 and ANTH 459.

ANTH 461. Urban Health. 3 Units.

This course provides an anthropological perspective on the most important health problems facing urban population around the world. Special attention will be given to an examination of disparities in health among urban residents based on poverty, race/ethnicity, gender, and nationality. Offered as ANTH 361 and ANTH 461.

ANTH 462. Contemporary Theory in Anthropology. 3 Units.

A critical examination of anthropological thought in England, France and the United States during the second half of the twentieth century. Emphasis will be on the way authors formulate questions that motivate anthropological discourse, on the way central concepts are formulated and applied and on the controversies and debates that result. Readings are drawn from influential texts by prominent contemporary anthropologists. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 362 and ANTH 462.

ANTH 463. Anthropology and Bioethics. 3 Units.

The course will review theoretical work on anthropology and values, the discipline of bioethics, its philosophical roots, the body of anthropological work in bioethics, and critically examine a number of current bioethical issues in the United States and internationally. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 363 and ANTH 463.

ANTH 465. Gender and Sex Differences: Cross-cultural Perspective. 3 Units.

Gender roles and sex differences throughout the life cycle considered from a cross-cultural perspective. Major approaches to explaining sex roles discussed in light of information from both Western and non-Western cultures. Offered as ANTH 365 and ANTH 465 and WGST 365.

ANTH 467. Topics in Evolutionary Biology. 3 Units.

The focus for this course on a special topic of interest in evolutionary biology will vary from one offering to the next. Examples of possible topics include theories of speciation, the evolution of language, the evolution of sex, evolution and biodiversity, molecular evolution. ANAT/ANTH/GEOL/PHIL 467/BIOL 468 will require a longer, more sophisticated term paper, and additional class presentation. Offered as ANTH 367, BIOL 368, GEOL 367, PHIL 367, ANAT 467, ANTH 467, BIOL 468, GEOL 467, and PHIL 467.

ANTH 469. The Anthropology of Nutrition. 3 Units.

Examines human nutrition and physical performance within the framework of human adaptability theory. The emphasis is on the measurement of energetic intake and expenditure in human populations; the assessment, health consequences, and bio-cultural correlates of malnutrition and obesity; and the uses of energetic data in assessing human population adaptation. Recommended preparation: ANTH 103. Offered as ANTH 369 and ANTH 469.

ANTH 470. Tutorial in Physical Anthropology. 3 Units.

Guided readings in physical anthropology. Recommended preparation: Graduate standing and consent of department.

ANTH 471. Culture, Behavior, and Person: Psychological Anthropology. 3 Units.

Cross-cultural perspectives on personality, human development, individual variability, cognition, deviant behavior, and the role of the individual in his/her society. Classic and contemporary anthropological writings on Western and non-Western societies. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 371 and ANTH 471.

ANTH 472. Anthropological Approaches to Religion. 3 Units.

The development of, and current approaches to, comparative religion from an anthropological perspective. Topics include witchcraft, ritual, myth, healing, religious language and symbolism, religion and gender, religious experience, the nature of the sacred, religion and social change, altered states of consciousness, and evil. Using material from a wide range of world cultures, critical assessment is made of conventional distinctions such as those between rational/irrational, natural/supernatural, magic/religion, and primitive/civilized. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 372, RLGN 372 and ANTH 472.

ANTH 475. Human Evolution: The Fossil Evidence. 3 Units.

This course will survey the biological and behavioral changes that occurred in the hominid lineage during the past five million years. In addition to a thorough review of the fossil evidence for human evolution, students will develop the theoretical framework in evolutionary biology. Recommended preparation: ANTH 377, BIOL 225. Offered as ANAT 375, ANTH 375, ANAT 475 and ANTH 475. Prereq: ANTH 103.

ANTH 476. Topics in the Anthropology of Health and Medicine. 3 Units.

Special topics of interest, such as the biology of human adaptability; the ecology of the human life cycle health delivery systems; transcultural psychiatry; nutrition, health, and disease; paleoepidemiology; and population anthropology. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102 or ANTH 103. Offered as ANTH 376 and ANTH 476.

ANTH 477. Human Osteology. 4 Units.

This course for upper division undergraduates and graduate students will review the following topics: human skeletal development and identification; and forensic identification (skeletal aging, sex identification and population affiliation). Offered as ANAT 377, ANTH 377, ANAT 477 and ANTH 477.

ANTH 478. Reproductive Health: An Evolutionary Perspective. 3 Units.

This course provides students with an evolutionary perspective on the factors influencing human reproductive health, including reproductive biology, ecology, and various aspects of natural human fertility. Our focus will be on variation in human reproduction in mostly non-western populations. Recommended preparation: ANTH 103. Offered as ANTH 378 and ANTH 478. Prereq: ANTH 103.

ANTH 479. Topics in Cultural and Social Anthropology. 3 Units.

Special topics of interest across the range of social and cultural anthropology. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 379 and ANTH 479.

ANTH 480. Medical Anthropology and Global Health I. 3 Units.

The first in a sequence of two graduate core courses in medical anthropology and global health. This course focuses on foundational concepts and theories in medical anthropology, as well as topical areas which have been central to the development of the field. Prereq: Graduate Standing in Anthropology.

ANTH 481. Medical Anthropology and Global Health II. 3 Units.

The second in a sequence of two graduate core courses in medical anthropology and global health. This course focuses on the application of medical anthropology theory and methods to the study of global health. Recommended preparation: ANTH 480. Prereq: Graduate Standing in Anthropology.

ANTH 482. Anthropological and Ecological Perspectives on Preserving and Restoring the Natural World. 3 Units.

Now that the environmentally deleterious effects of modern Western culture on the natural world have reached major proportions it has become crucial to explore innovative solutions to this dilemma. In this course novel perspectives derived from the intersection of anthropology and ecology are discussed. The primary perspective focused upon is the understanding that human culture and the natural world in which it is embedded are essentially communicative, or semiotic processes, which thrive upon diverse interaction and feedback. Preserving and restoring the Natural World thus shifts from protecting individual species and particular cultural practices to enhancing the communicative matrix of life and multiple cultural views of the environment. Through this understanding, students will learn to apply a more elegant, effective, and aesthetically pleasing perspective to the challenging environmental issues facing our contemporary world. An in-depth examination of the North American Prairie, along with a comparison of influences on the landscape by indigenous and modern Western Culture will serve as the particular region of focus. This course is an approved SAGES departmental seminar. Offered as ANTH 382 and ANTH 482.

ANTH 485. Applied Anthropology. 3 Units.

This class will provide students with an overview of how anthropologists put theories, methods, and findings to use in addressing social issues and problems. Applied projects presented will span a diverse range of topics and fields, including: healthcare and medicine, nutrition, international development, displacement of populations, education, as well projects from business and industry. Class discussion will address orientations of and advantages in applied approaches, as well the ethical questions such projects often encounter. Offered as ANTH 385 and ANTH 485.

ANTH 488. Globalization, Development and Underdevelopment: Anthropological Persp. 3 Units.

This course examines both theoretical and practical perspectives on globalization and economic development in the "Third World." From "Dependency," "Modernization," and "World System" theory to post-structuralist critiques of development discourse, the class seeks to provide a framework for understanding current debates on development and globalization. The "neoliberal monologue" that dominates the contemporary development enterprise is critically examined in the context of growing global inequality. Special consideration is given to the roles of international agencies such as the World Bank, International Monetary Fund, United Nations, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the "development industry." The course also focuses on the contribution of anthropologists to development theory and practice with emphasis on the impact of development on the health of the poor and survival of indigenous cultures. Opportunities for professional anthropologists in the development field are reviewed. Offered as ANTH 388 and ANTH 488.

ANTH 489. Crossroads: Transformation of Rural Blues into Urban Rock. 3 Units.

A multimedia approach to the development and transformation of an American musical form, the blues. Foci include the social and cultural history of rural and urban blues, rhythm and blues, rock 'n' roll, and the later forms of rock, the social context and life histories of modern music's creators and innovators, the development of vocal and instrumental styles, blues and rock, visual and performance iconography, milestones in the development of musical genres and the major roles of racism and discrimination in the development of these forms of popular music. Recommended preparation: ANTH 102. Offered as ANTH 389 and ANTH 489.

ANTH 493. Human Ecology: The Biology of Human Adaptability. 3 Units.

The place of human populations in the ecosystem. The importance of biological and behavioral responses of populations ranging from hunters and gatherers to contemporary and industrial societies. The effect of various natural and manmade stresses on man's adaptation to the environment. Recommended preparation: ANTH 103. Offered as ANTH 393 and ANTH 493.

ANTH 494. Seminar in Evolutionary Biology. 3 Units.

This seminar investigates 20th-century evolutionary theory, especially the Modern Evolutionary synthesis and subsequent expansions of and challenges to that synthesis. The course encompasses the multidisciplinary nature of the science of evolution, demonstrating how disciplinary background influences practitioners' conceptualizations of pattern and process. This course emphasizes practical writing and research skills, including formulation of testable theses, grant proposal techniques, and the implementation of original research using the facilities on campus and at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History. Offered as ANTH 394, BIOL 394, GEOL 394, HSTY 394, PHIL 394, ANTH 494, BIOL 494, GEOL 494, HSTY 494, and PHIL 494.

ANTH 497. Epidemiology and the Evolution of Human Diseases. 3 Units.

Basic concepts of infectious and degenerative diseases. Description and analysis of the changing distribution and determinants of disease in prehistoric, historic, and contemporary human populations. Recommended preparation: ANTH 103. Offered as ANTH 397 and ANTH 497.

ANTH 498. Public Policy and Aging. 3 Units.

Overview of aging and the aged. Concepts in the study of public policy. Policies on aging and conditions that they address. The politics of policies on aging. Emergent trends and issues. Offered as ANTH 498, BETH 496, EPBI 408, GERO 496, HSTY 480, MPHP 408, NURS 479, NURS 579, POSC 480, and SOCI 496.

ANTH 502. Research Practicum in Med Anthropology and Cross-cultural Gerontology. 3 Units.

Provides M.A. students with firsthand experience in applying anthropology to health and aging problems. Prereq: Graduate standing.

ANTH 503. Seminar in Social Cultural Anthropology. 3 Units.


ANTH 504. Anthropological Research Design. 3 Units.

Practical and theoretical issues in the selection of questions for health and aging research in societal settings. Illustration of frameworks and designs for research. Discussion of the problems of collection, analysis, and interpretation of data along with the nonscientific influences on the research process and the use of results. Prereq: Graduate standing in anthropology.

ANTH 506. Seminar in Comparative Health Systems. 3 Units.

Prereq: ANTH 480.

ANTH 507. Seminar in Controversial Issues in Anthropology. 3 Units.

The goals of this course are to provide students with opportunities to: (1) Familiarize themselves with the (alleged) facts of various controversial issues that have characterized the field of anthropology over the past 50 years; (2) enhance their skills in analyzing and assessing the nature and quality of the arguments and empirical data employed by parties to the controversies; (3) develop an appreciation of the role of historical and political contexts in shaping the emergence and evolution of the controversies; and (4) consider the ethics involved in the practice and public representation of anthropology. Prereq: ANTH 480 and ANTH 481.

ANTH 508. Seminar in Policy and Program Planning and Evaluation. 3 Units.

Prereq: ANTH 504.

ANTH 510. Seminar in International Health. 3 Units.

This seminar will survey the major areas of research in the field of international health, including anthropology and public health research in international health. Emphasis will be on critical evaluation of current international health theory and methods and review of relevant literature, in regard to the health of the world's population. Prereq: ANTH 480 and ANTH 481.

ANTH 511. Seminar in Anthropology and Global Health: Topics. 3 Units.

This course examines the current issues in global health and the emerging anthropological paradigm directed at global health issues. The objective of the course is to provide graduate students in medical anthropology an in-depth examination of global health from several perspectives. The course will feature perspectives from anthropologists as well as others working in the fields of global health. Prereq: Graduate standing in Anthropology.

ANTH 513. Seminar in Ethnopsychiatry. 3 Units.

Theory and practice of psychotherapeutic forms. Diagnostic and therapeutic forms from Europe, the United States, Japan, India, and other major cultural traditions and those of local areas such as West Africa, Native America, and Latin America. The cultural theories of mental disorders, related conceptions of self and person, and the relationships of local psychological theory to clinical praxis and outcome.

ANTH 519. Seminar in Human Ecology and Adaptability. 3 Units.


ANTH 530. Seminar in Medical Anthropology: Topics. 3 Units.

Various topics will be offered for graduate students in medical anthropology, such as "Anthropological Perspectives on Women's Health and Reproduction" and "Biocultural Anthropology." Prereq: ANTH 480.

ANTH 591. Seminar in Physical Anthropology. 3 Units.


ANTH 599. Tutorial: Advanced Studies in Anthropology. 1 - 18 Unit.

(Credit as arranged.) Advanced studies in anthropology.

ANTH 601. Independent Research. 1 - 18 Unit.

(Credit as arranged.)

ANTH 651. Thesis M.A.. 1 - 18 Unit.


ANTH 701. Dissertation Ph.D.. 1 - 18 Unit.

(Credit as arranged.) Prereq: Predoctoral research consent or advanced to Ph.D. candidacy milestone.