Juris Doctor (JD)

Juris Doctor

The School of Law offers the Juris Doctor (JD) degree as well as several dual-degree programs.  The JD degree requires successful completion of 88 credit hours, of which 44 hours are in specified required courses, at least 2 credits in the writing of a substantial research paper, at least 12 hours of experential learning experiences (including a required capstone experience completed during the 3L year) and at least 34 elective credits. The first year program for the JD degree consists of the required basic courses, along with two one-credit 'mini-course' electives taken in the spring term.

Required First Year Courses

First YearUnits
FallSpring
Contracts (LAWS 1101)4  
Criminal Law (LAWS 1102)3  
Torts (LAWS 1103)4  
Legal Writing, Leadership, Experiential Learning, Advocacy, and Professionalism 1 (LAWS 1801)3  
Civil Procedure (LAWS 1201)  4
Property (LAWS 1203)  4
Law, Legislation and Regulation (LAWS 1204)  3
Legal Writing, Leadership, Experiential Learning, Advocacy, and Professionalism 2 (LAWS 1802)  3
Choice of two one-credit 1L elective courses  2
Year Total: 14 16
 
Total Units in Sequence:  30

Required Second and Third Year Courses

LAWS 2002Constitutional Law I4
LAWS 2001Professional Responsibility3
LAWS 2803Legal Writing, Leadership, Experiential Learning, Advocacy, and Professionalism 3: Advanced Skills3
Completion of substantial research paper2 - 3
Experiential learning credits (includes experiential capstone project during 3L year)12
Total Units24-25

Curricular Concentrations

Seven curricular concentrations are offered for the Juris Doctor. These optional concentrations allow students to provide a concentrated focus for some of their elective coursework.  The current available curricular concentrations are:

  • Business Law
  • Criminal Law
  • Litigation / Alternative Dispute Resolution
  • Health Law
  • International Law
  • Law, Technology, and the Arts 
  • Public Law 

Elective courses

In addition to the required courses and the optional curricular concentrations, all students must take open elective courses in order to earn a minimum of 88 credits of law school coursework to qualify for the Juris Doctor degree.  All students must enroll for a full-time courseload each semester (10 - 18 credits), and must complete at least six regular semesters of full-time coursework.  Optional summer courses may be used to reduce the credit load during a regular semester, but the student must still complete at least six regular full-time semesters (summer does not count as a regular semester.)   

Graduate School Option

Students in the School of Law who are not enrolled in a dual-degree program may take up to nine hours of approved courses in the other graduate and professional schools of Case Western Reserve University and have such courses counted as elective credit toward the JD degree.  Such coursework must be graduate-level coursework, and must be closely related to the study of law and the student's educational/career objectives.

Academic Regulations

A complete list of Academic Regulations for the Juris Doctor program are contained in the Law Student Handbook.  Questions can be directed to the law school's Academic Services Office.  

Class Attendance Policy

JD students are required to attend all class sessions for which they are registered.  Instructors will provide details of their procedures and policies regarding class absence at the beginning of the course. Students who fail to meet responsibilities for class attendance and preparation are subject to dismissal from a course by the Instructor.  Students dismissed from a course will receive a grade of WF for the course and will not be eligible to take the exam or complete the work in the class.

JD Curricular Concentrations

JD students have an option to earn a curricular concentration by focusing their course selections within a particular area of legal study.  Requirements for each particular concentration are listed below.  In order to receive the concentration, students must earn at least 15-18 credits (varies by the specific concentration) in courses within the concentration, and earn an overall grade point average of 3.000 or higher amongst all courses defined by that concentration. Each concentration has a number of prescribed required courses, along with a menu of courses that can counted as elective hours.  Each concentration also has a writing requirement (a substantial research paper on a topic applicable to the concentration)  and a capstone experience requirement (related to the concentration).   Specific courses applicable to each concentration are subject to change by faculty review. 

Business Law

Required Courses
LAWS 4401Business Associations4
LAWS 5431Securities Regulation3
Elective Courses (at least 2)
LAWS 5413Antitrust Law3
LAWS 5412Advanced Securities Regulation3
LAWS 5415Bankruptcy3
LAWS 5432Business and Law Colloquium3
LAWS 5438Business Organizations Research Seminar2
LAWS 5439Corporate Finance3
LAWS 5418Corporate Real Estate Transactions2
LAWS 5724Discrimination in Employment3
LAWS 5420ERISA4
LAWS 5436Financial Institutions Regulation3
LAWS 5403Federal Taxation of Corporation and Partnerships3
LAWS 5423Financial System Integrity3
LAWS 5422Financial Markets: Law, Theory, and Practice2
LAWS 4406Franchise Law1
LAWS 5115International Arbitration2
LAWS 5401International Tax3
LAWS 5120International Business Transactions3
LAWS 4404Sales3
LAWS 5427Mergers and Acquisitions3
LAWS 5763White Collar Crime: Prosecution and Defense2
LAWS 5434Secured Transactions3
LAWS 5764Workers' Compensation2

Criminal Law 

Required Courses
LAWS 4807Criminal Procedure I3
LAWS 5718Criminal Procedure II2
LAWS 4808Evidence4
Elective Courses (at least 3)
LAWS 5903Advanced Criminal Law Seminar3
LAWS 5720Death Penalty Law and Process2
LAWS 5113Counterterrorism Law3
LAWS 5930Human Trafficking Lab2
LAWS 5721Death Penalty Lab3
LAWS 5722Death Penalty Lab II2
LAWS 5118International Law Research Lab3
LAWS 5121International Criminal Law and Procedure3
LAWS 5732National Security and Procurement Law3
LAWS 5736Juvenile Law2
LAWS 6108Pretrial Practice: Criminal2
LAWS 5749Prisoner Rights & Litigation3
LAWS 5213Psychiatry & Law2
LAWS 5116International Human Rights3
LAWS 5751Scientific Evidence in Criminal Litigation2
LAWS 5919Scientific Evidence and Advanced Research2
LAWS 5921Social History of Crime Seminar3
LAWS 5763White Collar Crime: Prosecution and Defense2
LAWS 6110Trial Tactics4
LAWS 5760The Wire and the War on Drugs3
LAWS 5925Wrongful Convictions2

Civil Litigation and Dispute Resolution

Required Courses
LAWS 5707Alternative Dispute Resolution3
Elective Courses (at least 3, including at least one practice oriented course)
LAWS 4808Evidence4
LAWS 4806Administrative Law3
LAWS 5714Complex Litigation2
LAWS 5724Discrimination in Employment3
LAWS 5716Conflict of Laws2
LAWS 5731Federal Courts3
LAWS 5726Employment Law3
LAWS 5733Immigration Law2
LAWS 5734Immigration Law II1
LAWS 5115International Arbitration2
LAWS 5173International Trade and Dispute Settlement Topics2
LAWS 5335Negotiation Strategies in Sports Management2 - 3
LAWS 5213Psychiatry & Law2
LAWS 5428Products Liability2
LAWS 5122Transnational Litigation2
Practice-oriented electives
LAWS 6103Basic Mediation Training1
LAWS 6111Appellate Practice2
LAWS 6113Deposition Skills1
LAWS 5744Mediation Representation: Theory, Principle and Practice3
LAWS 6107Pretrial Practice: Civil2
LAWS 6106Pretrial Practice: Medical Malpractice2
LAWS 6110Trial Tactics4

Health Law

Required Courses
LAWS 4201Health Law 13
LAWS 4202Health Law 23
Elective Courses
LAWS 4806Administrative Law3
LAWS 5413Antitrust Law3
LAWS 4200Bioethics and Law2
LAWS 5724Discrimination in Employment3
LAWS 5420ERISA4
LAWS 5215Health Care and Human Rights3
LAWS 5235Health Care & Human Rights Topics2
LAWS 5220Health Care Controversies2
LAWS 5268Health Law and Policy Lab3
LAWS 5229Information Privacy Law1
LAWS 6503Health Matrix Seminar2
LAWS 4402Nonprofit Organizations Law2
LAWS 5339Privacy Law3
LAWS 6106Pretrial Practice: Medical Malpractice2
LAWS 5213Psychiatry & Law2
LAWS 5226Public Health Law Lab3
LAWS 5205Public Health Law2
LAWS 5764Workers' Compensation2
LAWS 5918Reproductive Rights Lab3

International Law 

There are a number of different focus areas available within the International Law concentration.  Listed below are general requirements.  Students should consult with the concentration advisor for details about different focus options.

Required Courses
LAWS 4101International Law3
Elective Courses (at least one course in Business law, and one course in Public/Comparative law)
LAWS 5739Law of Archeological Relics2
LAWS 5111Admiralty Law2
LAWS 5137Chinese Law3
LAWS 5110Contemporary Issues in International and Comparative Law1
LAWS 5716Conflict of Laws2
LAWS 5113Counterterrorism Law3
LAWS 5314Cyberlaw3
LAWS 5114European Union Law2 - 3
LAWS 5436Financial Institutions Regulation3
LAWS 5423Financial System Integrity3
LAWS 5732National Security and Procurement Law3
LAWS 5745Foreign Affairs Law3
LAWS 5215Health Care and Human Rights3
LAWS 5734Immigration Law II1
LAWS 6051Civil Rights, Human Rights, and Immigration Clinic4
LAWS 5115International Arbitration2
LAWS 5120International Business Transactions3
LAWS 5121International Criminal Law and Procedure3
LAWS 5116International Human Rights3
LAWS 5319International Intellectual Property3
LAWS 5136International Humanitarian Law1
LAWS 5767International Perspectives on Death Penalty3
LAWS 5118International Law Research Lab3
LAWS 5426International Real Estate Transactions2
LAWS 5123International Trade Law and Policy3
LAWS 5705International & US Family Law3
LAWS 5135War and Morality3
LAWS 5122Transnational Litigation2
LAWS 5365World Intellectual Property Organization Research Lab3

Law, Technology, and the Arts

There are a number of different focus areas available within this concentration.  Listed below are general requirements.  Students should consult with the concentration advisor for details about different focus options.

Required Courses
LAWS 4300Intellectual Property Survey3
LAWS 4301Copyright Law3
Elective Courses (at least 3)
LAWS 4303Trademark Law3
LAWS 5314Cyberlaw3
LAWS 5739Law of Archeological Relics2
LAWS 5328Intellectual Property and First Amendment in the Arts3
LAWS 5315Entertainment Law1 - 3
LAWS 5364Intellectual Property and Social Norms2
LAWS 5363Intellectual Property Theory Seminar3
LAWS 5319International Intellectual Property3
LAWS 5324Law of the Music Industry2
LAWS 5335Negotiation Strategies in Sports Management2 - 3
LAWS 5334Representing the Musical Artist2 - 3
LAWS 5332Sports Law3
LAWS 5333Representing the Professional Athlete2 - 3
LAWS 5365World Intellectual Property Organization Research Lab3
LAWS 5325Law of the Visual Arts2 - 3

Public Interest Law

Required Courses
LAWS 5717Constitutional Law II3
LAWS 5731Federal Courts3
Elective Courses (at least 2)
LAWS 4806Administrative Law3
LAWS 5711Civil Rights3
LAWS 5712Community Development Law2
LAWS 5908Constitutional Law Research Seminar2
LAWS 5724Discrimination in Employment3
LAWS 5727Environmental Law3
LAWS 5725Education Law3
LAWS 5910Environmental Law Research Seminar2
LAWS 5215Health Care and Human Rights3
LAWS 5930Human Trafficking Lab2
LAWS 5328Intellectual Property and First Amendment in the Arts3
LAWS 5116International Human Rights3
LAWS 5737Labor Law3
LAWS 5736Juvenile Law2
LAWS 5755LGBT Legal Issues3
LAWS 5749Prisoner Rights & Litigation3
LAWS 5916Religion Clauses of First Amendment Seminar3
LAWS 5918Reproductive Rights Lab3
LAWS 5925Wrongful Convictions2